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tv   Documentary  RT  December 7, 2013 12:29am-1:01am EST

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actually started in the fifty's. in loans in the sixty's. the i.m.f. and the world bank have changed radically since then. institutions have become instruments of oppression. and control over new sovereign countries in the. most typical way that economic hitman work is it will identify a country that has resources our corporations covet like oil for example and then arrange a huge loan to that country from the world bank or one of its sisters. doesn't actually go to the country and goes to our own corporation. in the democratic republic of congo is the most powerful down in africa it's also one of the best examples the workings of the system since it was built the dam has had one problem after another this represents the most emblematic of what we call the white
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elephants. realisations that have increased the country's foreign debt with objectives that have nothing to do with human or economic development but. profit today the congolese people have to pay for which was not built for them but to supply energy to. two kilometers away. what i find appalling is the complicity of the multinationals of certain countries businessmen and even of scientists who proposed this giant machine. but today we have reached a situation where we have to pay back the debt without necessarily having access to electricity. but the main problem that we face when we have financial institutions like the world bank or the international monetary fund when we debated the construction of the dam these institutions knew that we were going to use all the electricity. never the less we were made to build the stand because it suited the
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big multinationals today it is the congolese people the little people who pay their debts so for me this stead is odious we should repudiate it and we should even ask for compensation from all of these companies who brought us equipment that didn't work for me. ingo is an example of something that has not worked but it's also an example of an investment that can work you've mentioned in those three and four are interested in seeing that the existing investments in are actually used to generate electricity for the people see ultimately over time maybe this in future ngo can provide electricity elsewhere but we're not there yet right now the priority is getting to work. he did today idea was to link to the katanga mines there by passing electricity through
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a high tension line which flies over most of the country. could be biased at any time by cutting the interrupt in the lower congo. the only. move we want to tricity you know village after all it is our as. instead other foreign countries are using it. and we who own the power find ourselves in darkness . what is happening is that angola south africa and butts wanna be the authorities with currencies well the people of lower congo feel less interest. in this village like in all other villages the main difficulty is the electricity supply. and as the dam also has its own problems it cannot supply electricity in the entire public republic and more particularly in the capital kinshasa which experiences major problems with regard to energy supply. and as you can see we find
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wooden post says they are their defeat and lines which literally cross the rooftops of houses. with this situation we risk having problems with electrocution even house fires. in a village near that. we witnessed an incident which could have had dramatic consequences . everyone knows that electricity contributes to development in the well but when there are no roads we need them so you can transform farming produce electricity would allow us to conserve and packaged goods but what is happening today i think produce rots is it if we had electricity we could save our forests today we destroy
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them for firewood so we lose out twice we are in debt debt has its consequences now the forest is being destroyed instead of being able to use electricity we are destroying our forests. the forests of the congo basin cover an area of over one hundred seventy two million excess. in a widespread context of corruption poor governance despite a moratorium on the forest code imposed by the world bank in two thousand and two attempts to reform that would industry have not yet met with any success in the democratic republic of congo and are endangering the planet second.
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if some seventy percent of the world's poor people live in the countryside and depend completely on the eco system. houses them and takes care of them and. when the world bank finances projects that destroy the. quality of life and even the livelihood and survival of local populations. without permission we decided to try our luck at the steelworks. threatening to call for the intervention of a minister we were allowed to visit this immense empty factory. it is in this factory was built to use and consume electricity from the nga. yet we knew very well that when they were building this factory the raw material they
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were going to use was scrap iron and rusty iron gathered in europe which is unacceptable given what we know the country's potential in terms of minerals is. in effect the situation is ridiculous underground particularly in. the minerals a dug up to be exported eight thousand kilometers away and smelted. then used to make steel in the northern countries to make vehicles machines and with these vehicles all machines end up on the scrap heap they are compacted and shipped in a boat to metabo in the congo. which causes the river to rise. on the food this scrap metal is then melted in to create refined steel. it's completely ridiculous. so never worth it was
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money down the drain just a waste but not for the multinationals which one yet multinational sold their technology it is the congolese people who are losing out today. and all the wealth is being controlled because of this debt. i don't know what is the reasoning of the heads of the world bank and i.m.f. . this is what they say we will make these developing countries used to the funding we provide them for the development and for the daily management of their business . if we make them reliance on this funding if you know we vary by obtain a means of influencing them and fixating certain type of policy the pretty. when robert mcnamara to covert at the world bank
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he wanted to do something grandiose. he began by boring on the markets in order to be able to lend more he flew home and sell loans in the south whereas some countries admitted that they were completely incapable of keeping them back. save so it's some point we can all make it mean go back and say listen you know since you can't pay your debts give us a pound of flesh sell your oil real cheap to our oil companies or vote with us on the next united nations both it's critical to our to our policies or allow us to build a military base on your soil things like that and in the few times when we fail when we're unable to corrupt presidents to get them to accept these loans when we fail then the jackal's going on and they either overthrow governments or assassinate their leaders both rolled oats of ecuador and to rehearse of pound were
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assassinated because i was unable to corrupt them i couldn't get them to accept these conditions. he didn't see. who condemned the world bank the i.m.f. the exam lenders in general is a clear example. there was a coalition of interests against him by the great powers governments pre-sold. companies and international institutions. who gave the order to assassinate. the. assassination plot that i don't know but what is clear is that those who assassinated him. that they did it's just an interest. in these interests there would the interest of lend that's what. do you think that you as a representative on the. gazan government and government in general could achieve
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that easing off live for the palestinian people. the way they communicate through the way the present themselves to do want to communique need we need respect from oh you know kind of governments would. this government which recollected a from the people actually. presented from the palestinian people themselves respect what china says respect i what i would believe someone needs someone writes . this is the place that has been consecrated to god for almost a thousand of years people came here twenty years ago to reestablish
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life on the. people of the love of christ working. people so you can do. something happens on this island that makes them return to it again and again they say that saves them. join me james brown on a journey for the soul. only on. you have to remember that israel if there were in the cabin the award for best dramatic performance by a country israel would win every year it's a real it's a feared are. not to know who is the story of the theater so i would serve the few moments ago now we have to distinguish between israel's rhetorical position and its actual position israel wouldn't be investing billions and billions of dollars into
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building this wall if it wanted territory beyond the wall if we go back to the lines of you know i made a i had a hard time doing this not this go ahead go ahead go ahead i'm sorry if it's not just the the wall and the west bank and gaza they're in lebanon now or at sea actually because it's through poland there and they're drilling gaster and they're taking somebody else's gas and oil.
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that's on top of all this is the context of the cold war all this when western countries strongly prodded these countries to become indebted to keep them in their place going to see that to defeat it was very difficult for instance choose stop backing and mobutu. even if we. try to me given the geo political balance of the time it was you we couldn't take the risk that a country so rich in mineral resources as a year could move to the wrong side. to nepal that the whole problem with that is not its absolute level like a. home it's their ability of country to pay the back and with what means this. while structural adjustment programs are aimed at
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supplying capital to pay this debt. on reality we are reducing their ability of these countries to achieve any economic success can kong. the most what is structurally adjustment. it is really the awareness of the fact that these countries were put in a complete deadlock. it is to say that these countries were in debt but and had an incapacity to continue to function which led to them taking quite drastic and radical measures. with the structural adjustments the following diagnosis was made with the economies acknowledge the deficits and these deficits have to be paid to pay these deficits with cuts in the public spending when necessary. expenses hits with social expenses unfortunately. in doing that we cut spending including
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social spending and that obviously had a negative effect on health education and social housing report obviously. this took place at a time when natur was in power in the u.k. and reagan in the us. it was really the law of the markets. and so the economists of the i.m.f. and the world bank and in a lot of other countries even bilateral cooperation said allow real prices to rule and all problems will be solved. i think that by doing that we did a lot of harm mainly because we didn't know ways to understand the economic policy of these countries.
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once the structural adjustments were imposed by creditors namely the world bank and the i.m.f. it was like hell on earth here and as a. fan at the hospital everything had become. consultations you have to pay to see the doctor to get more syringe is more alcohol. i mean it was hell people often died from curable diseases. and people in poor health who have no access to health care makes development impossible or if you know you can't concentrate on development in those conditions at times it makes you sick and revolt because it is unacceptable and unbearable people that's an injustice in the world but the debt of congo fourteen billion dollars. what does that represent that as of two thousand and ten the total of the developing countries public debt is in the region of one point three five trillion dollars. and the us
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foreign and domestic debt is thirteen trillion which is ten times more. should these countries continue to pay millions of dollars the president of the republican the government have said that it takes fifty million dollars every month to service its debt how much gets spent on health and education every month the answer is zilch. teaches in primary schools badly paid and underpaid. the teacher comes to school with little biscuits that she gives out to children who should pay them back . so already from the first year of school children are taught how to get in debt we. give to children and after three days children have two. parents for money it's like an international institution
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if you missed the deadline the child is forced to pay double the price significant sometimes this makes the child afraid to come to school. today with the system of parent the child who doesn't pay. before sad times these economic policies have been conducted for reasons of budgetary adjustment we could no longer finance a certain number of public services and therefore we thought means of financing them through privatization. but the people who controlled the privatizations were people who came from the outside or people well connected in the end and that did not produce very favorable results for people who were low down on the social ladder was. one of the examples of the i.m.f. most brutal policies of privatization. prevent disasters the false
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promises all the national transport office and private entrepreneurs who took over the national office. work according to the principle of private entrepreneurs which is completely normal. you'll soon see so they never send a lorry on the ground which in periods of famine in niger. leads to death as a dozen the rife because of this privatization but this is. the international monetary fund applied the first program of structural adjustment in congo in one thousand nine hundred eighty six since then the i.m.f. has been there. and no progress is being made in congo i always say that it is like a sick person who goes to the doctor the chemists they're all there the laboratory assistance they do the tests they prescribe medicine and the sick person stay sick forever what should actually happen is that the doctor should resign and thats it.
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what is the role of the i.m.f. if it doesn't prevent crises what is the role of the world bank this bank which is supposed a development. if it be the i.m.f. kills the world bank by blindly of course not intentionally. but by its dogmatic and here to the washington consensus which is completely brutal. but in poor countries people from africa as a colony it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of some of its own leaders who are under the thumbs of the big corporations so in a way the european empires marched out and supposedly gave africa its independence but immediately the corporations marched in and a few handpicked leaders handpicked by the european nations and the court and the corporations took over many of the countries especially the countries with good resources.
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for thirty years all african and latin american economies have been or unstated towards. reimbursing this debt and this is completely shattered the economies in other words the ones that we have specialized in farming which represents eighty percent of the economy in countries like mali products such as cotton of cocoa for export to west african countries that are behind that is the neglect of food production and the exposure of these countries to famines and malnutrition and it's no coincidence that today if eighty percent of the world's population who are dying of hunger in fact has exactly. agriculture with its current production rates could easily feed twelve billion human beings which is almost double the world's population in other words the. cannibal world is that
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dictatorship of globalized financial capital has imposed on this planet is both murderous but at the same time. the figures speak for themselves i could take. victims of polluted water etc you. see they are asking us today to produce more products for export to make more money especially to pay back the debt so they force us to produce palm oil they ask us to produce coffee at the time of structural adjustment it was coffee palm oil cotton while people had to. ask the d r c as you have diamonds you have gold gold. would you can sell and buy products which may come from china or europe the chicken that
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comes from europe the chicken that comes from france do will key which come from the belgian abba chores or from argentina the new one and we don't need them because we can raise our own i assure you that in this country when you have planted maize for months afterwards you already have the product yeah as for rice there are regions where we produce rice even here here where we are we produce rice but as for meat we have the plateaus and. today places like the plateau of are used for mining exploitation and today we import meat chicken awful we import more than one hundred forty thousand tons of meat an awful and chickens so all that is really a policy of submission a policy of dependence but we can grow everything here everything. in terms of the market fish frozen chicken. tomatoes even onions everything is
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imported rice too because there is no local production they used to be in these countries we used to have big rice paddy fields we grew it in these countries but everything that we produce here now has to be exported especially wood and petrol for the most part this is why you don't farm land to feed people let's say have imposed a policy of zero cultivation in particular that is to say that here priority is given to increase today where even trying to substitute menu for bread in order to make weak imports more profitable because money is made locally so fortunately people hold on to their money on the only productions that still exists are small family productions all the farms that were built during the eighty's to produce for the country and to make the country self-sufficient where destroyed. the world bank has insisted that everyone plant food for expert. that's all right if it is
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one two or three countries but when the red dozen or more countries which make the same thing remember and in the same quality of. coffee cotton metals etc that's an acceptable truth if there is too much supply on the market that brings prices down. because this is led to a reduction in the income since the income comes from exports because they're told to do so and agree to do it you could do it in bill is a perfect example of this for export eighty here where we are held out the prospect of demand that the market exist that it only had to be produced must exist. and what do they find better to tell us today well we're incapable of feeding ourselves . it's because it answers to turn towards biofuels while biofuels feel lower stomachs or will we have to feel reserve wise to pollute more i don't mean
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right now where selling agricultural land. so the lesson we teach to the world is that the best way to defend yourself is to get yourself a nuclear weapon and of course the biggest culprit of using nuclear weapons and producing nuclear weapons and weapons about struction is my birth nation of the united states and i find it absolutely insane that we sit here and talk about iran suppose of nuclear weapons program where you know the united states is producing every kind of weapon under the sun is spending more than every other military on
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the planet come by and is involved in more war and more death and more suffering than every other nation combined and yet it's sitting there on a pedestal talking about other nations developing weapons of mass destruction and it's insane that we even allow them to do this the first nation that needs to disarm without question is the united states. or it's probably the most complex difficult if. not. the phenomenon of friendly fire probably extends back to the invention of gunpowder. just killed a bunch of people. and their families their u.s. people. reading. this something
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shoots my brother in the leg not intentional because again because it was nine times four in the morning even the best even the mesh shoulders. are going to make mistakes does this whole idea of brotherhood an honor. and camaraderie in this sense it was in this context it has absolutely no place. i was thinking somehow i had to come back because mom was waiting for me. i just knew that everything would be fine for some reason we were so confident because we were going to get married officially after he came back how could he not come back the mere thought of it never crossed her mind. when the militants decided to try and break through her new guinea apple screaming grenade. they explode and blow them all round his
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back wall. and it was all over all. we know that our comrades and our commander won't leave us no matter how tough it gets we're a team. you're getting was a senior in his military trio. he knew that if he didn't smother that grenade with his body more of his comrades would die he gave his own life to save us friends. do we speak your language or not a dance. or music program says documentaries in spanish more matters to you breaking news a little too much of angles to the stories. you hear. then
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surely the spanish find out more visit. it rains prime minister complains of threats against his family from anti-government protesters as demonstrations rage on in kiev over integration. a tiny village takes on a us energy giant we travel through media where a locals are desperate to stop shale gas exploration close to their homes. and as the world mourns mandela the death of the anti-apartheid icon sparks fears and wide enclaves that racial tension could return to south africa. where you are the international coming to you live from the russian capital i'm marina josh.

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